Size & Population:
Arusha is a city of Arusha region in north-eastern of Tanzania with an area of 24,728.6 sq km, part of Arusha region with an area of 82,428.5 sq.km out of this a total area of 3,571 sq.km. or 4.3 percent is covered by water bodies of Lakes Eyasi, Manyara, Babati and Natron. The remaining 78,857.5 sq km is a land area with a population of 416,442 inhabitants. The region has a common border with Kenya in the north, to the east, it borders with Kilimanjaro and Tanga regions.
Arusha is a Tanzania hub for major international diplomatic as it hosts the East African Community and since 1994 it hosted the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda. It is a multicultural city with a majority African population, large Arab and Indian minorities, and many European and American experts, engaged in diplomatic affairs and the fast-growing local tourist industry.
Arusha city is the center of Tanzania tourism. Situated below the second tallest in Tanzania, Mount Meru on the eastern edge of the eastern branch of the Great Rift Valley, it has its own national park, the Arusha National Park and is surrounded by Africa’s most famous landscapes and national parks to include:-
- Ngorongoro Crater
- Lake Manyara
- Olduvai Gorge
- Mount Kilimanjaro
It is surrounded by hills to the north and east with a local habitat of a mix of savannah woodlands where its population with the main ethnic groups of Iraqw, Arusha, Maasai, Meru and Barbaig mixed with others Sonjo, Gorowa, Rangi, Chagga, Pare and Nguuin small numbers have lots to share.
Arusha is served by Kilimanjaro International Airport [JRO]located about 60 Kilometres east of the city on the way to Moshi, the town of Mt. Kilimanjaro. The airport provides international and domestic flights to both international and national travelers. In addition, the city in its west has a domestic Arusha Airport [ARK] serving more than 87,000 passengers yearly.
There are regular buses and coaches from and to Dar es Salaam, Mwanza, Dodoma, Moshi, Tanga in Tanzania mainland and from and to Nairobi in neighboring Kenya.